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1. chinaXiv:202009.00049 [pdf]

New fossils of Late Pleistocene Sus scrofa from Yangjiawan Cave 2, Jiangxi, China

SUN Ji-Jia; ZHANG Bei; CHEN Xi; DENG Li; ?WEN Jun; TONG Hao-Wen
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

The YJW (Yangjiawan) Cave 2 of Pingxiang in Jiangxi Province is a karst cave that?developed in the Permian limestone of the Changxing Formation, which is filled with clay and?grit of Late Pleistocene age. Six excavations have been conducted at the site since 2015. More?than ten thousand mammalian fossils have been unearthed, and the wild boar fossils account for?approximately 49%, which represents the richest wild boar fossil tooth collection of Pleistocene?age in southern China. This study focuses on the studies of the canine teeth and the third molars,?and mainly compares fossils of Sus peii and S. xiaozhu in South China and the data of extant S.?scrofa respectively in dental morphology and odontometric data analyses which includes scatter?plot analysis, regression analysis, coefficient of variation analysis and linear discriminant analysis.?The typical scrofic type of the male’s lower canine teeth confirmed the identification of the suid?fossils from YJW Cave 2 as S. scrofa. Although the male’s lower canines, the M2s and m3s,?are among the most variable teeth in sizes, they stay in the ranges of S. scrofa; furthermore, the?scatterplots of both the upper and lower third molars form two distinct clusters respectively, which?can probably be attributed to sexual dimorphism rather than resulting from a mixture of different?suid species. The post-Early Pleistocene suid fauna in southern China is almost only composed of?S. scrofa, which is quite different from the adjacent Southeast Asia where the suid fauna is quite?taxonomically diversified and dominated by the verrucosic type.

submitted time 2020-09-15 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits876Downloads155 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201605.01728 [pdf]

Association of echocardiographic left ventricular structure and-344C/T aldosterone synthase gene variant: A meta-analysis

Wang, Lijuan; Zhang, Bei; Wang, Hao; Li, Mei; Niu, Qiuli; Wen, Shaojun; Wang, Lijuan; Zhang, Bei; Wang, Hao; Li, Mei; Niu, Qiuli; Wen, Shaojun; Zhou, Jiapeng; Chen, Yubao; Zhou, Jiapeng; Chen, Runsheng
Subjects: Biology >> Biophysics

Background: Aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) is one of the most studied candidate genes related to essential hypertension (EH) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). Some studies have focused on the relationship between -344C/T polymorphism (rs1799998) in the CYP11B2 gene and LVH, but the results are controversial. This meta-analysis is purposed to reveal the relationship between the -344C/T and the left ventricular structure and function, including left ventricular end diastolic dimension (LVEDD), left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESD), left ventricular mass/left ventricular mass index (LVM/LVMI), left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT), and interventricular septal wall thickness (IVS). Methods: A literature search of PubMed and Embase databases was conducted on articles published before January 27, 2014. The odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Heterogeneity analyses were performed using meta-regression. Tests for publication bias were also performed and biased studies should be removed from subsequent analyses. Results: There were 20 studies with a total of 6780 subjects meeting the inclusion criteria. The main finding was that concentration levels of LVEDD and LVESD were higher in CC homozygous individuals than in TT homozygous individuals in the whole group. In the Asian subgroup, TT homozygous individuals had larger IVS than CC homozygous individuals. In the Caucasian normotension subgroup, CC homozygous individuals had larger LVM/LVMI than TT homozygous individuals. In the Asian essential hypertension subgroup, TT homozygous individuals had larger LVPWT values than CC homozygous individuals. Conclusions: The present findings support the hypothesis that CC homozygous individuals may have greater left ventricular diameters (LVEDD and LVESD) regardless of their ethnicities or physical conditions.

submitted time 2016-05-15 Hits1527Downloads519 Comment 0

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